杭州教师招聘-杭州市教育系统公开招聘教职工专业知识测试 (2020 年 1 月)中学英语学科试题卷
1.本试卷分试题卷和答题卷，满分为 100 分，考试时间 120 分钟。
一、完形填空(共 20 题，每小题 1 分，满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中选择最佳选项，并将答案写在 答题纸上。
Hannah Taylor is a schoolgirl from Manitoba, Canada. One day, when she was five years old, she was walking with her mother in downtown Winnipeg. They saw a man 1 out of a garbage can. She asked her mother why he did that and her mother said that the man was homeless and hungry. Hannah was very 2 . She couldn't understand why some people had to live their lives without shelter or enough food. Hannah started to think about how she could 3 , but, of course, there is not a lot one five-year-old can do to solve the problem of homelessness.
Later, when Hannah attended school, she saw another homeless person. It was a woman, 4an old shopping trolley which was piled with bags. It seemed that everything the woman owned was in them. This made Hannah very sad, and even more 5 to do something. She had been talking to her mother about the lives of homeless people 6 they first saw the homeless man. Her mother told her that if she did something to change the problem that made her sad, she wouldn't 7 as bad.
Hannah began to speak out about the homelessness in Manitoba and then in other provinces. She hoped to 8 her message of hope and awareness. She started the Ladybug Foundation, an organization aiming at getting rid of homelessness. She began to host "Big Bosses" lunches, where she would try to persuade local business leaders to 9 to the cause. She also organized a fund-raising( 募 捐 ) drive in “Ladybug Jars” to collect everyone’s spare change during “Make Change” month. More recently, the foundation began another 10 called National Red Scarf Day-a day when people donate $20 and wear red scarves in support of Canada’s 11 and homeless.
There is an emergency shelter in Winnipeg called “Hannah’s Place”, something that Hannah is very 12 of. Hannah’s Place is divided into several areas, providing shelter for people when it is so cold that sleeping outdoors can mean death. In the more than five years since Hannah began her activities, she has received a lot of 13 . For example, she received the 2007 BRICK Award recognizing efforts of young people to change the world. But 14 all this, Hannah still has the normal life of a Winnipeg schoolgirl, except that she pays regular visits to homeless people.
Hannah is one of many examples of young people who are making a 15 in the world. You can, too!
A. jumping B. eating C. crying D. waving
A. annoyed B. nervous C. ashamed D. upset
3. A. behave B. manage C. help D. work
4. A. pushing B. carrying C. buying D. holding
5. A. since B. determined C. energetic D. grateful
6. A. since B. unless C. although D. as
7. A. sound B. get C. feel D. look
8. A. exchange B. leave C. keep D. spread
9. A. contribute B. lead C. apply D. agree
10. A. campaign B. trip C. procedure D. trial
11. A. elderly B. hungry C. lonely D. sick
12. A. aware B. afraid C. proud D. sure
13. A. praises B. invitations C. replies D. appointments
14. A. for B. through C. besides D. along
15. A. choice B. profit C. judgment D. differe
二、阅读理解(共 15 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 30 分)
阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中选择最佳选项，并将答案写在 答题纸上。
It was a cold night in Washington, D.C. and I was heading back to the hotel when a beggar walked up to me. He asked if I would give him some money so he could get something to eat. After a short hesitation, I shook my head and kept walking.
With helplessness, he said, “I really am homeless and I really am hungry! You can come with me and watch me eat!” But still, I kept on walking. The incident bothered me for the rest of the week. In fact, I had money in my pocket and it wouldn’t have killed me to hand over a dollar or two even if he had been lying. On a freezing cold night, I wondered what would happen to a hungry man.
Flying back to my hometown. Anchorage, I couldn’t help thinking of him. I tried to find excuses for not helping him. After all, government agencies, churches and charities were there to feed him. Besides, you’re not supposed to give money to beggars.
But I just couldn’t forget the incident and began to think I must do something. At that time, I was writing a garden column for the local Daily News. Suddenly, I came up with an idea. Why not try to get all my readers to plant one row in their gardens donated to Bean's? Bean's Cafe, the soup kitchen which has volunteered to feed hundreds of hungry people every day for many years.
The idea began to take off. I began to receive more e-mails and calls from kind people. They tried their best to show their concerns about the hungry. Food was sent by different warm-hearted people and even those who only grew flowers sent their flowers. They are food for the spirit that comforted me a lot.
Next year, the Garden Writers Association of America held their annual conference in Anchorage and after learning of Anchorage's program, Plant a Row for Bean’s became Plant a Row for the Hungry. You can imagine how happy I was then.
16. According to the passage, the reason why the author refused to give some money to the beggar probably is that ________.
A. he happened not to take money then
B. he wasn't fond of beggars
C. he thought that the beggar was lying
D. he didn't like being bothered
17. Why did the author can't help thinking of the beggar?
A. Because he felt he had done wrong for his failure to help him.
B. Because he wanted to know whether the beggar had lied to him.
C. Because he was worried that the beggar might die from hunger.
D. Because some agencies, churches and charities should help the beggar.
18. The underlined phrase “take off” in Paragraph 5 mean________.
A. remove clothes
B. leave suddenly
C. become successful
D. come into being
19. What9s the correct order according to the passage?
①He ran into a beggar.
②He was regretful.
③He came up with the idea of planting a row for Bean's.
④The Plant a Row for Bean5 s became Plant a Row for the Hungry.
⑤He went back home. ⑥Writers gathered in Anchorage.
20. What can be a suitable title for the passage?
A. Plant a Row for the Hungry
B. Lend a Hand to Beggars
C. Never Hesitate to Help Others
D. Plan a Gardening Project
People cannot reach an agreement on the use of science and technology. For example, will radiation from electronic equipment destroy the environment? Should medical scientists change gene structures to prevent genetic disease or to create “more perfect” human beings?
While people are arguing about these and others, technology continues to influence our everyday lives-the home, health and education, entertainment and communication, and so on.
Some people carry on active social lives with computers-their own or the ones in public places like cafes, social centers, libraries and so on. Communicating with others in chat rooms, computer users can get to know people they might never meet in traditional ways. With live online video connections, two people with cameras in their computers can see and talk to each other from separate places.
With modern telephone technology, most people stopped writing letters, especially personal letters and notes. But now, writing to communicate has returned in electronic from, or e-mail, which is a way of sending messages from one computer to another. For some computer users, the wish to communicate intelligently or creatively with others makes them want to
Computer technology has also made it possible to run a house electronically. From turning lights on and off to starting the coffee and cooking the hot meal, computers are taking care of people at home. Many modern machines have computer chips that allow their owners to program them. For instance, you can “instruct” a microwave oven how to cook a dish. Most entertainment equipment operates with computer technology too. Computers can even start cars automatically so that on cold winter morning you can get into a warmed-up vehicle and drive off.
Although much of the technology in our everyday lives has good effects, there are some uses that raise questions. For example, are interactive medias (i.e., a combination of television, telephone and computer) going to control minds, cause people to forget about family life and personal relationships?
What effects will the genetic engineering of food have on people’s health?
High-tech medical treatments can make a person live a much longer life, but can they improve the health and happiness of human beings? Only time will tell, but in the meantime, science and technology will continue to move forward.
21. According to the passage, with modern telephone technology, people preferred to ________.
A. write letters
B. cook at home
C. send emails
D. talk on the phone
22. The underlined word “chips” in Paragraph 5 mean ________.
A. thin pieces of potatoes
B. small holes
C. small pieces of wood
D. central parts
23. We can know from the passage that ________.
A. technology never stops changing our everyday lives.
B. each of us can live a comfortable life with computers
C. people can do more activities with computers
D. the more you use computers, the better you might write
24. What can we infer from the underlined sentence in the last paragraph? A. The longer you live, the happier you are with high-tech medical treatments.
B. High-tech medical treatments can’t improve our health and happiness.
C. High-tech medical treatments can help us with everything.
D. The writer questioned high-tech medical treatments somehow.
25. What can be the best title for the passage?
A. Science and New Technology
B. Computers Change Our Lives
C. Everyday Uses of Technology
D. Only Time Will Tell
In many romantic movies or TV shows one scene always appears. It involves a handsome man standing outside a young woman's window, singing a love song to her to win her over. However, trying to woo a female with songs is not just something that humans do. A few animals sing love songs as well. Birds and elephants are romantic but the latest animal to serenade a female might surprise you---it is the humble mouse.
You may find it odd to find out that mice sing. We do not hear them because the frequency of their voice is so high. In fact, scientists have known for some time that male mice make special sounds to females, but it has always been assumed that the sounds are produced instinctively (本 能 地 ) and randomly, with little thought going into the process. But new research suggests otherwise. When male mice with different voices were put in a cage together, scientists found that they would gradually change their pitches (音调) to sound like one another. But when a female mouse was put in the cage with two males, one male would change his pitch to match the other. “It was usually the smaller animal changing the pitch to match the larger animal,” professor Erich Jarvis, leader of the study, from Duke University, US, told BBC News. This ability, known as vocal learning, is rare in the natural world. It had been thought to be limited to some birds, such as parrots---as well as whales and dolphins. The latest findings challenge the long-held opinion that mice cannot learn to adapt their voices.
Scientists also found the part of the brain that controls the mice's singing ability. In the experiment, they damaged the cells in this part of the mice's brain and found that the animals couldn't keep their songs in pitch or repeat them any more. This also happened when the mice became deaf. Jarvis said that this finding had changed his understanding of the way mice make sound. “In mice we find that the pathways that are at least modulating (调整) these vocalizations (发声法) are in the forebrain, in places where you actually find them in humans,” he said. “If we're not wrong, these findings will be a big boost to scientists studying diseases like autism (自 闭症) and anxiety disorders.”
26. What's the possible meaning of the underlined word “serenade”?
A. To sing love songs.
B. To challenge others.
C. To hug others.
D. To fight for love.
27. Which of the following is proven wrong by the latest discovery?
A. The frequency of mice’s voice is so high that ifs impossible for humans to hear it.
B. When male mice make special sounds to females they can't control the sounds.
C. Birds and elephants are both romantic animals that are good at expressing love.
D. Animals like mice are smart even though they often make sounds randomly.
28. What do parrots, whales and dolphins have in common according to the passage?
A. They are all animals well-known for their smart appearances.
B. They are often chosen to carry out scientific experiments on.
C. They all have the ability to learn to adapt their voices.
D. Their numbers are quite limited in the natural world.
29. Romantic movies and TV shows are mentioned at the beginning of the passage to________.
A. help readers better understand the article
B. stress the importance of the article
C. explain why this article is written
D. get readers interested in the topic
30. The above passage is written to _______.
A. introduce a new scientific discovery
B. persuade readers to accept a new discovery
C. describe an interesting experiment on mice
D. entertain readers with a funny fact about mice
三、语篇填空(共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分)
Steve Robert Irwin, 31 Australian wildlife expert, was killed on September 4th, 2006 while he was filming Ocean’s Deadliest. In it, he was injured by a poisonous fish when 32(attempt) to catch it . 33 the fact that the production and the crew members had good safety measures in place and an emergency team on site, his 34 (injure) was too severe for him to be brought back to life. It was confirmed shortly after the incident that Steve’s popular television series. The Crocodile Hunter was going to 35 (cancel), putting and end to its successful eleven-year run. Many colleagues, nature experts, and filmmakers owed this success 36Steve’s outgoing personality, passion for his job, and love of the animal world. His unique and37 (energy) style made him so entertaining that his series 38 (gain) popularity all over the world, 39 (especial) in the UK, the USA and Canada. People will always remember this great hero, 40 efforts and contribution in animal protection really make a difference.
四、书面表达(满分 25 分)
阅读下面短文，根据其内容写一篇 60 词左右的内容概要。
Fear is an emotion like others such as happiness, anger, hurt, and sadness. We need emotions to process information we receive and decide how to respond. Being afraid of fast cars, for example, is something that might protect us from harm. Being afraid of the consequence of a choice may prevent us getting into trouble.
Fears in young children commonly center on certain animals like snakes or big dogs. Fears are caused often because of experiences or ideas expressed by others, and at times, the media. Many normal fears during the early years, like men with beards, or large dogs, disappear with age. Those relating to personal failure and ridicule remain through adulthood and may need special help to overcome.
Children’s fears are often trivial, but that doesn’t mean they should be ignored. They need to be recognized and accepted as real for that child. Only when we help children understand their fears can they grow normally in their ability to deal with them.
Research shows that as a child grows up, the center of his fears changes a lot. Things like divorce, a teacher who “shouted at me”, people with guns, bullies, big boys, or “making fun of me” top the list of childhood fears.
We can not always prevent these experiences from happening, but it's essential that children be allowed to freely express their emotions without judgment. Sympathy and a caring listener will help ease the pain of these fears. Read books and stories to your child about children who have experienced similar fears. This helps children talk about their fears and find ways to cope. With all emotions, fears become less of a problem for children as they gain self-confidence and they find that fear is normal and can be dealt with.
五、教学设计(满分 20 分)
You know the feeling - you have left your phone at home and feel anxious, as if you have lost your connection to the world. “Nomophobia” affects teenagers and adults alike. You can even do an online test to see if you have it. Last week, researchers from Hong Kong warned that nomophobia is infecting everyone. Their study found that people who use their phones to store, share and access personal memories suffer most. When users were asked to describe how they felt about their phones, words such as “hurt” (neck pain was often reported) and “alone” predicted higher levels of nomophobia.
“The findings of our study suggest that users regard smartphones as their extended selves and get attached to the devices,” said Dr Kim Ki Joon. “People experience feelings of anxiety and unpleasantness when separated from their phones.” Meanwhile, an American study shows that smartphone separation can lead to an increase in heart rate and blood pressure.
So can being without your phone really give you separation anxiety? Professor Mark Griffiths, psychologist and director of the International Gaming Research Unit at Nottingham Trent University, says it is what is on the phone that counts - the social networking that creates Fomo (fear of missing out).
“We are talking about an internet-connected device that allows people to deal with lots of aspects of their lives,” says Griffiths. “You would have to surgically remove a phone from a teenager because their whole life is ingrained in this device.”
Griffiths thinks attachment theory, where we develop emotional dependency on the phone because it holds details of our lives, is a small part of nomophobia. For “screenagers”, it is Fomo that creates the most separation anxiety. If they can't see what's happening on Snapchat or Instagram, they become panic-stricken about not knowing what’s going on socially. “But they adapt very quickly if you take them on holiday and there’s no internet,” says Griffith.
杭州教师招聘-杭州市教育系统公开招聘教职工专业知识测试 (2021 年 1 月)小学英语专业试题卷
1.本试卷分试题卷和答题卷，满分为 100 分，考试时间 120 分钟。
2.答题前，在答题卷密封区内填写姓名. 身份证号. 报考单位. 报考岗位. 试场号和 座位号。
一、完形填空(共 20 题，每小题 1 分，满分 20 分)
Being good at something and having a passion for it are not enough. Success 1 fundamentally on our view of ourselves and of the 2 in our lives.
When twelve-year-old John Wilson walked into his chemistry class on a rainy day in 1931, he had no 3 of knowing that his life was to change 4 . The class experiment that day was to 5 how heating a container of water would bring air bubbling(冒泡) to the surface. 6 , the container the teacher gave Wilson to heat 7 held something more volatile(易挥发的) than water. When Wilson heated it, the container 8 , leaving Wilson blinded in both eyes.
When Wilson returned home from hospital two months later, his parents 9 to find a way to deal with the catastrophe that had 10 their lives. But Wilson did not regard the accident as 11 . He learned braille(盲文) quickly and continued his education at Worcester College for the Blind. There, he not only did well as a student but also became a(n) 12 public speaker.
Later, he worked in Africa, where many people suffered from 13 for lack of proper treatment. For him, it was one thing to 14 his own fate of being blind and quite another to allow something to continue 15 it could be fixed so easily. This moved him to action. And tens of millions in Africa and Asia can see because of the 16 Wilson made to preventing the 17 .
Wilson received several international 18 for his great contributions. He lost his sight but found a 19 . He proved that it's not what happens to us that 20 our lives—it's what we make of what happens.
1. A.depends B.holds C.keeps D.reflects
2. A.dilemmas B.accidents C.events D.steps
3. A.way B.hope C.plan D.measure
4. A.continually B.gradually C.gracefully D.completely
5. A.direct B.show C.advocate D.declare
6. A.Anyway B.Moreover C.Somehow D.Thus
7. A.mistakenly B.casually C.amazingly D.clumsily
8. A.erupted B.exploded C.emptied D.exposed
9. A.deserved B.attempted C.cared D.agreed
10. A.submitted to B.catered for C.impressed on D.happened to
11. A.fantastic B.extraordinary C.impressive D.catastrophic
12. A.accomplished B.crucial C.specific D.innocent
13. A.deafness B.depression C.blindness D.speechlessness
14. A.decide B.abandon C.control D.accept
15. A.until B.when C.unless D.before
16.A.opposition B.adjustments C.commitment D.limitations
17. A.preventable B.potential C.spreadable D.influential
18. A.scholarships B.rewards C.awards D.bonuses
19. A.fortune B.recipe C.dream D.vision
20. A.distinguishes B.determines C.claims D.limits
二、阅读理解(共 15 题，每小题 2 分，满分 30 分)
阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A. B. C 和 D)中，选出最佳选项， 并将答案写在答题纸上。
A A lot of animals travel from one place to another. We call this migration.
In Africa, large animals, like elephants and zebras, migrate to find food and water. They usually follow the same ways every year.
A lot of birds migrate to find food and better weather, too. They are usually birds that eat insects. They spend the summer in northern Europe, because there are lots of insects there. In the winter there aren't any insects, so the birds fly south to southern Europe and Africa.
Some insects migrate, too. In North America, millions of monarch butterflies fly south to spend the winter in Mexico, California and Florida, where it's warmer. They travel 50-65 km each day and they travel about 1,125 km.
Some fish migrate to breed (繁殖.. Salmon (鲑鱼. can swim over 20, 000 km in their life. They are born in rivers in Ireland, Scotland and other places in northern Europe. The young fish swim down the river to the sea and into the Atlantic Ocean. They live in the ocean until they are adults. Then they return to the river where they were born. They lay their eggs in the river and then they usually die. Salmon do this, because their eggs are safer in the river. Other fish can't eat them.
Arctic terns (北极燕鸥. travel the furthest when they migrate. They spend the summer in the Arctic, but when winter comes they fly to the Antarctic, because it's summer there. The next year they fly back to the Arctic again. In one year these small birds travel 36, 000 km from one end of the earth to the other and back again. Nobody knows how they do it.
21. According to the passage, monarch butterflies in North America migrate to ______.
A. find insects
B. look for water
C. find better weather
D. produce young
22. Adult salmon swim back to the river because ______.
A. they won't be eaten by other big fish
B. they want to lay eggs in a safer place
C. they are getting ready to die there
D. they want to go where they grew up
23. Which of the following is true about animals' migration?
A. Elephants in Africa usually travel the same way each year.
B. Most birds fly to southern Europe and Africa in summer.
C. Some insects travel 1,125 km each day.
D. Salmon swim 20, 000 km each year.
24. The example of Arctic terns in the last paragraph is used mainly to show ____.
A. the distance of migration
B. the purpose of migration
C. the direction of migration
D. the time of migration
A group of labour MPs, among them Yvette Cooper, are bringing in the new year with a call to institute a UK "town of culture" award. The proposal is that it should sit alongside the existing city of culture title, which was held by Hull in 2017 and has been awarded to Coventry for Zozl. Cooper and her colleagues argue that the success of the crown for Hull, where it brought in E220m of investment and an avalache of arts, out not to be confined to cities. Britain' town, it is true are not prevented from applying, but they generally lack the resources to put together a bit to beat their bigger competitions. A town of culture award could, it is argued, become an annual event, attracting funding and creating jobs.
Some might see the proposal as a boo by prize for the fact that Britain is no longer be able to apply for the much more prestigious title of European capital of culture, a sought-after award bagged by Glasgow in 1990 and Livorpool in 2008. A cynic might speculate that the UK is on the verge of disappearing into an endless fever of self-celebration in its desperation to reinvent itself for, the post-Brexit world: after town of culture, who knows that will follow- village of culture ? Suburb of culture?
Hamlet of culture? It is also wise to recall that such titles are not a cure-all. A badly run "year of culture" washes in and out of a place like the tide, bringing prominence for a spell but leaving no lasting benefits to the community . The really successful holders of such titles are those that do a great deal more than fill hotel bedrooms and bring in high-profile arts events and good press for a year. They transform the aspirations of the people who live there; they nudge the self image of the city into a bolder and more optimistic light.
It is hard to get right, and requires a remarkable degree of vision, as well as cooperation between city authorities, the private sector, community groups and cultural organizations. But it can be done : Glasgow' s year as European capital of culture can certainly be seen as one of complex series of factors that have turned the city into the power of art, music and theatre that it remains today.
A "town of culture" could be not just about the arts but about honouring a town's peculiarities-helping sustain its high street, supporting local facilities and above all celebrating its people and turn it into action.
25. Cooper and her colleagues argue that a "town of culture" award could________
A. consolidate the town-city ties in Britain.
B. promote cooperation among Britain's towns.
C. increase the economic strength of Britain's towns.
D. focus Britain's limited resources on cultural events.
26. According to Paragraph 2, the proposal might be regarded by some as_____
A. a sensible compromise.
B. a self-deceiving attempt.
C. an eye-catching bonus.
D. an inaccessible target.
27. Glasgow is mentioned in Paragraph 3 to present_______
A. a contrasting case.
B. a supporting example.
C. a background story,
D. a related topic.
28. What is the author's attitude towards the proposal ?
Boredom has, paradoxically, become quite interesting to academics lately. In early May, London ’ s Boring Conference celebrated seven years of delighting in dullness. At this event, people flocked to talks about weather, traffic jams and vending-machine sounds, among other sleep-inducing topics.
What, exactly, is everybody studying? One widely accepted psychological definition of boredom is “the distasteful experience of wanting, but being unable, to engage in satisfying activity.” But how can you quantify a person’s boredom level and compare it with someone else’s? In 1986, psychologists introduced the Boredom Proneness Scale, designed to measure an individual’s overall tendency to feel bored. By contrast, the Multidimensional State Boredom scale, developed in 2008, measures a person’s feelings of boredom in a given situation.
Boredom has been linked to behavior issues including inattentive driving, mindless snacking, excessive drinking, and addictive gambling. In fact, many of us would choose pain over boredom. One team of psychologists discovered that two-thirds of men and a quarter of women would rather self-administer electric shocks than sit alone with their thoughts for 15 minutes. Researching this phenomenon, another team asked volunteers to watch boring, sad, or neutral films, during which they could self-administer electric shocks. The bored volunteers shocked themselves more and harder than the sad or neutral ones did.
But boredom isn’t all bad. By encouraging self-reflection and daydreaming, it can spur creativity. An early study gave participants abundant time to complete problem-solving and word-association exercises. Once all the obvious answers were exhausted, participants gave more and more incentive answers to combat boredom. A British study took these findings one step further, asking subjects to complete a creative challenge (coming up with a list of alternative uses for a household item.. One group of subjects did a boring activity first, while the others went straight to the creative task. Those whose boredom pumps had been primed were more productive.
In our always-connected world, boredom may be a hard-to-define state, but it is a fertile one. Watch paint dry or water boil, or at least put away your smartphone for a while, and you might unlock your next big idea.
29. What is the finding of one team of psychologists in their experiment?
A. Volunteers prefer watching a boring movie to sitting alone deliberating.
B. Many volunteers choose to hurt themselves rather than endure boredom.
C. Male volunteers are more immune to the effects of boredom than females.
D. Many volunteers are unable to resist boredom longer than fifteen minutes.
30. Why does the author say boredom isn’t all bad?
A. It stimulates memorization.
B. It allows time for relaxation.
C. It may promote creative thinking.
D. It may facilitate independent learning.
31. What does the author suggests one do when faced with a challenging problem?
A. Stop idling and think big.
B. Unlock one’s smartphone.
C. Look around oneself for stimulation.
D. Allow oneself some time to be bored.
Danielle Steel, the 71-year-old romance novelist is notoriously productive, having published 179 books at a rate of up to seven a year. But a passing reference in recent profile by Glamour magazine to hear 20-hour workdays promoted an outpouring of admiration.
Steel has give that 20 hour figure when describing her "exhausting" process in the past:" I started the book and don't leave my desk until the first draft in finished." She goes from bed, to desk, to bath, to bed of avoiding all contact aside from phone calls with her nine children. " I don't comb my hair for weeks, "she says. Meals are brought to her desk,where she types until her fingers swell and her nails bleed.
The business news website Quartz held Steel up as an inspiration, writing that if only we all followed her"actually extremely liberating" example of industrious sleeplessness, we would be quick to see results.
Well, indeed. With research results showing the cumulative effects of sleep loss and its impact on productivity, doubt has been voiced about the accuracy of Steel's self-assessment. Her output may be undeniable, but sceptics have suggested that she is guilty of erasing the role of ghostwriters at worst, gross exaggeration at best.
Steel says working 20 hours a day is "pretty brutal physically." But is it even possible? "No,"says Maryanne Taylor of the Sleep Works. While you could work that long, the impact on productivity would make it hardly worthwhile. If Steel was routinely sleeping for four hours a night, she would be drastically underestimating the negative impact, says Alison Gardiner, founder of the sleep improvement program Sleepstation. "It's akin to being drunk."
It is possible that Steel is exaggerating the demands of her schedule. Self-imposed sleeplessness has "become a bit of a status symbol", says Taylor, a misguided measures to prove how powerful and productive you are. Margaret Thatcher was also said to get by on four hours a night, while the 130-hour work weeks endured by tech heads has been held up as key to their success.
That's is starting to change with increased awareness of the importance of sleep for mental health. "People are starting to realize that sleep should not be something that you fit in between everything else," says Taylor.
But it is possible if statistically extremely unlikely that Steel could be born "a short sleeper" with an unusual body clock. says sleep expert Dr. Sophie Bostock. "It's probably present in fewer than 1% of the population."
Even if there does happen to be among that same minority, says Bostock, it's "pretty irresponsible" to suggest that 20-hour days are simply a question of discipline for the rest of us.
32.What do we learn from the passage about Glamour magazine readers?
A. They are intrigued by the exotic romance in Danielle Steel's novels.
B. They are amazed by the number of books written by Danielle Steel.
C. They are deeply impressed by Danielle Steel's daily work schedule.
D. They are highly motivated by Danielle Steel's unusual productivity.
33. What did the business news website Quartz say about Danielle Steel?
A. She could serve as an example of industriousness.
B. She proved we could liberate ourselves from sleep.
C. She could be an inspiration to novelists all over the world.
D. She showed we could get all our work done without sleep.
34.What does Maryanne Taylor think of self imposed sleeplessness?
A. It may turn out to be key to a successful career.
B. It may be practiced only by certain tech heads.
C. It may symbolise one's importance and success.
D. It may well serve as a measure of self-discipline.
35. How does Dr. Sophie Bostock look at the 20-hour daily work schedule?
A. One should not about it without consulting a sleep expert.
B. The general public should not be encouraged to follow it.
C. One must be duly self-disciplined to adhere to it.
D. The majority must adjust their body clock for it.
三、语篇填空(共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分)
Consider the Mechanical Pencil
If you used to collect small objects I'm sure (if you were anything like my younger self. that you used to collect mechanical pencils. In one of the math preparatory classes I (36)____ (go) to in elementary and middle school, we used to receive mechanical pencils as prizes for doing well on the in-class or answering questions in class This was (37)_____ I built up my collection of cadoozles , which are short mechanical peals decorated with brightly colored space ships and ice cream bars. But I've long since used up all my Cadoozles and a majority of the mechanical pencils that I (38)_____ (hide) in an empty moon-cake tin so many years before, which makes me reflect back on those old days, when receiving a mechanical pencil was as easy as drinking a glass of water .Mechanical pencils are not only more convenient than your traditional Ticonderoga in the sense that they never need (39) (sharpen); they also produce thinner, cleaner lines, which is extremely important for drawers and drafters. For the more, they are environmentally friendly, since you don't have to buy (40) wooden pencil whenever you run out of lead(铅芯) . You can simply refill your mechanical pencil. There is only one slight negative I must remark on, (41) is that as someone who calls mechanical pencils "lead penal" in casual conversation, the term "lead pencil" is confusing Mechanical pencil lead is actually not made from the chemical element lead. It is made from a mixture of graphite and clay, Which (42)_____ not give you lead poisoning. This is contrary to what my third-grade teacher said when she saw my classmate John clicking his mechanical pencil against his index finger out of boredom:”John, stop that! You are going to get lead poisoning!" I think all the third-graders (and teacher. in the world would feel much (43)_ _ (safe) if they knew what rally made up the pencils they use every day.
It used to be so easy to grab a mechanical penal whenever I needed one, but (44) ____the moon-cake tin has become increasingly lighter,I have learned to appreciate my writing instruments more.Perhaps I should have collected a few more Cadoozles when I was younger ;perhaps I should appreciated the feeling of holding up the moon-cake in when it was three-quarters full,hoping that three would always be a new pencil for me (45)_____(use) tomorrow.
四、书面表达(满分 20 分)
请你以“ student-centered learning in primary school English teaching”为标题，写一 篇词数不少于 150 词的英语短文。
五、教学设计(满分 20 分)
2021 年 1 月小学英语真题参考答案
一、完形填空 1、A 2、C 3、A 4、D 5、B 6、C 7、A 8、B 9、B 10、D 11、D 12、A 13、C 14、D 15、B 16、C 17、A 18、C 19、D 20、B
二、阅读理解：21、C 22、B 23、A 24、A 25、C 26、B 27、A 28、C 29、B 30、C 31、D 32、C 33、A 34、C 35、B
36、went 37、how/when 38、had hidden 39、sharping/to be sharpened 40、a/another 41、which 42、can 43、safer 44、now that/in that 45、to use
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